Behavioral Clinical Trials For Chronic Diseases

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Behavioral Clinical Trials For Chronic Diseases


Behavioral Clinical Trials For Chronic Diseases
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Behavioral Clinical Trials For Chronic Diseases


Behavioral Clinical Trials For Chronic Diseases
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Author : Lynda H. Powell
language : en
Publisher: Springer Nature
Release Date : 2021

Behavioral Clinical Trials For Chronic Diseases written by Lynda H. Powell and has been published by Springer Nature this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2021 with Alternative medicine categories.


This is the first comprehensive guide to the design of behavioral randomized clinical trials (RCT) for chronic diseases. It includes the scientific foundations for behavioral trial methods, problems that have been encountered in past behavioral trials, advances in design that have evolved, and promising trends and opportunities for the future. The value of this book lies in its potential to foster an ability to speak the language of medicine through the conduct of high-quality behavioral clinical trials that match the rigor commonly seen in double-blind drug trials. It is relevant for testing any treatment aimed at improving a behavioral, social, psychosocial, environmental, or policy-level risk factor for a chronic disease including, for example, obesity, sedentary behavior, adherence to treatment, psychosocial stress, food deserts, and fragmented care. Outcomes of interest are those that are of clinical significance in the treatment of chronic diseases, including standard risk factors such as cholesterol, blood pressure, and glucose, and clinical outcomes such as hospitalizations, functional limitations, excess morbidity, quality of life, and mortality. This link between behavior and chronic disease requires innovative clinical trial methods not only from the behavioral sciences but also from medicine, epidemiology, and biostatistics. This integration does not exist in any current book, or in any training program, in either the behavioral sciences or medicine.

Research Training In The Biomedical Behavioral And Clinical Research Sciences


Research Training In The Biomedical Behavioral And Clinical Research Sciences
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Author : National Research Council
language : en
Publisher: National Academies Press
Release Date : 2011-03-28

Research Training In The Biomedical Behavioral And Clinical Research Sciences written by National Research Council and has been published by National Academies Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2011-03-28 with Medical categories.


Comprehensive research and a highly-trained workforce are essential for the improvement of health and health care both nationally and internationally. During the past 40 years the National Research Services Award (NRSA) Program has played a large role in training the workforce responsible for dramatic advances in the understanding of various diseases and new insights that have led to more effective and targeted therapies. In spite of this program, the difficulty obtaining jobs after the postdoc period has discouraged many domestic students from pursuing graduate postdoc training. In the United States, more than 50 percent of the postdoc workforce is made up of individuals who obtained their Ph.D.s from other countries. Indeed, one can make a strong argument that the influx of highly trained and creative foreigners has contributed greatly to U.S. science over the past 70 years. Research Training in the Biomedical, Behavioral, and Clinical Research Sciences discusses a number of important issues, including: the job prospects for postdocs completing their training; questions about the continued supply of international postdocs in an increasingly competitive world; the need for equal, excellent training for all graduate students who receive NIH funding; and the need to increase the diversity of trainees. The book recommends improvements in minority recruiting, more rigorous and extensive training in the responsible conduct of research and ethics, increased emphasis on career development, more attention to outcomes, and the requirement for incorporating more quantitative thinking in the biomedical curriculum.

New Research Frontiers In Behavioral Medicine


New Research Frontiers In Behavioral Medicine
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Author : Susan J. Blumenthal
language : en
Publisher: National Institutes of Health National
Release Date : 1994

New Research Frontiers In Behavioral Medicine written by Susan J. Blumenthal and has been published by National Institutes of Health National this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 1994 with Government publications categories.




Pain And Disability


Pain And Disability
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Author : Institute of Medicine
language : en
Publisher: National Academies Press
Release Date : 1987-01-01

Pain And Disability written by Institute of Medicine and has been published by National Academies Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 1987-01-01 with Medical categories.


Painâ€"it is the most common complaint presented to physicians. Yet pain is subjectiveâ€"it cannot be measured directly and is difficult to validate. Evaluating claims based on pain poses major problems for the Social Security Administration (SSA) and other disability insurers. This volume covers the epidemiology and physiology of pain; psychosocial contributions to pain and illness behavior; promising ways of assessing and measuring chronic pain and dysfunction; clinical aspects of prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation; and how the SSA's benefit structure and administrative procedures may affect pain complaints.

Behavioral Approaches To Chronic Disease In Adolescence


Behavioral Approaches To Chronic Disease In Adolescence
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Author : William O'Donohue
language : en
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2009-06-12

Behavioral Approaches To Chronic Disease In Adolescence written by William O'Donohue and has been published by Springer Science & Business Media this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2009-06-12 with Psychology categories.


Adolescence is typically fraught with problems, even under optimal conditions. And when chronic illness is added to the picture, medical and related social issues can complicate, and even disrupt, the course of development. The first text geared toward the integrated care setting, Behavioral Approaches to Chronic Disease in Adolescence offers clinicians an evidence-based guide to helping their young clients manage their chronic conditions and treating the psychosocial effects—from school problems and stigma to noncompliance and depression—that frequently follow diagnosis. Expert contributors present up-to-date information on epidemiology, symptoms, comorbid psychosocial problems, and treatment options for a variety of common illnesses, arranged to foster effective interventions for adolescents and efficient collaboration with other care providers in the team. Coverage is comprehensive, authoritative, and accessible, ensuring best practice while respecting each client’s individuality: Empirically-based treatment guidelines for illnesses commonly found in youth, including Type 1 and 2 diabetes, asthma, cancer, obesity, and chronic pain. Overview of the physiology of adolescence, particularly as it may be affected by medical conditions, and of adolescent brain development. Latest findings on the role of families in teens’ adjustment to illness and treatment. Cultural considerations affecting ethnically diverse clients and their families. Detailed discussions of ethical issues relevant to treating chronically ill young people, and of controversies involving pharmacotherapy with this population. Chapters contain useful handouts for clinicians and clients. Taking Care of the Practitioner” chapter with helpful strategies for avoiding burnout. Its emphasis on specific practical information makes Behavioral Approaches to Chronic Disease in Adolescence a “go-to” reference for health psychologists, child and adolescent mental health practitioners, pediatricians and family practitioners, and clinical social workers.

The Handbook Of Health Behavior Change 4th Edition


The Handbook Of Health Behavior Change 4th Edition
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Author : Kristin A. Riekert, PhD
language : en
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
Release Date : 2013-11-08

The Handbook Of Health Behavior Change 4th Edition written by Kristin A. Riekert, PhD and has been published by Springer Publishing Company this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2013-11-08 with Psychology categories.


Choice Outstanding Academic Title! 4 Stars - Doody's! Praise for the Third Edition: "This work will be one that students and clinicians keep on their shelves as the gold-standard reference for health behavior change. Summing up: Essential" --Choice Substantially revised to reflect current trends in the field of health behavior change, this new edition of the highly acclaimed "gold standard" text continues to provide a comprehensive overview of behavior change as it relates to public health. It has been extensively reorganized to eliminate redundancies in the earlier edition, and takes a broader, more pragmatic approach in its coverage of health behavior change. New content includes chapters on lifestyle change and prevention and chronic disease management, with an intensive focus on specific behaviors (i.e. diet and nutrition, tobacco use) and chronic illness (i.e diabetes, heart disease). A new section on Community, System, and Provider Interventions to Support Health Behavior Change focuses on the efficacy of interventions implemented within various systems such as schools, workplaces, and health care systems. The fourth edition also provides learning objectives and discussion questions to facilitate use by course instructors in health psychology, behavioral medicine, and public health. This multidisciplinary text has been authored and edited by highly esteemed practitioners, educators, and researchers who are experts in their specific areas of study. The majority of the text continues to be organized around the specific behaviors and chronic illnesses with the most significant public health impacts in terms of morbidity and mortality. Each chapter explains the significance of a particular problem and reviews the empirical evidence for the various intervention approaches. New to the Fourth Edition: Extensively reorganized to eliminate redundancies Updated to encompass the most current research in health behavior change Includes new chapters on Alcohol, Stress and Mood Management, Diabetes, Obesity, The Workplace, Built Environment, and Behavior Data Focuses intensively on specific behaviors and chronic illnesses that significantly affect public health Includes a new section on Community, System, and Provider Interventions to Support Health Behavior Change Applicable to a wide variety of courses including public health, behavior change, preventive medicine, and health psychology Authored by leading researchers, educators, and practitioners with a multidisciplinary focus Includes learning objectives and discussion questions

More Than Medicine


More Than Medicine
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Author : Robert M. Kaplan
language : en
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Release Date : 2019-02-01

More Than Medicine written by Robert M. Kaplan and has been published by Harvard University Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2019-02-01 with Medical categories.


American science produces the best medical treatments in the world. Yet U.S. citizens lag behind in life expectancy and quality of life. Robert Kaplan marshals extensive data to make the case that U.S. health care priorities are sorely misplaced—invested in attacking disease, not in solving social problems that engender disease in the first place.